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Solving Law Firm’s Biggest Problem: Outsourcing Legal Billing to Improve Collection and Profitability

  • Legal Operations
  • 2 Mins

Streamlining and improving the billing process in law firms is often perceived as a daunting task, fraught with complexities that can challenge even the most seasoned legal professionals. Billing is a time-consuming, labour-intensive necessary evil that is often fraught with inaccuracies due to inefficiencies in process and extensive operational silos which can cost a law firm potentially millions of dollars each year.

According to a recent Thomson Reuters survey, the average law firm experiences an 18% realisation loss due to billing challenges. This means that nearly one-fifth of billable work is not converted into revenue, negatively impacting the firm’s profitability. 81% of law firms report issues with a significant portion of invoices remaining unpaid or delayed, creating cash flow challenges. This is a huge revenue loss that is creating major problems for law firms, but there are solutions.

Why is legal billing so complex?

Most unique to lawyers is that their work is often time-consuming and difficult to tangibly track. Tracking billable hours accurately requires meticulous attention to detail and can be particularly challenging when dealing with tasks that don't neatly fit into predefined categories. This creates problems because clients often have unique billing preferences and expectations ranging from traditional hourly billing to flat fees, contingency fees and/or blended rates. Accommodating these distinctive preferences for each client and integrating them into a billing system adds a layer of complexity to billing that makes it extremely labour-intensive. Additionally, silos that exist within law firms in the form of practice groups or other operational units can make regularity in billing guidelines either difficult to understand or completely nonexistent.

Another complexity in legal billing is the regulatory compliance and ethical guidelines that must be adhered to. Some of these issues include fee agreements, billing transparency, client confidentiality, and conflicts of interest. Staying compliant with these regulations while meeting client expectations and maintaining profitability requires a thorough understanding of legal and professional standards.

While most law firms rely on billing software to streamline the process, integrating these systems with other practice management tools and ensuring data accuracy and security can present technical challenges that require ongoing maintenance and support.

Reasons to outsource billing

By streamlining the billing processes, law firms can reduce the risk of errors, and focus on core competencies. Technical expertise and best practices ensure process optimisation and service quality. Outsourcing can be a valuable solution for law firms aiming to stabilise their cash flow, reduce costs, and improve overall efficiency.

  1. Access to Advanced Technology: Outsourcing billing often provides access to advanced billing technologies and software platforms that may be cost-prohibitive for smaller law firms to implement independently. These technologies can automate billing processes, provide real-time reporting and analytics, and offer insights into billing trends and patterns that allow firms to optimise their billing practices for greater efficiency and profitability Additionally, predictive AI can provide billing staff with powerful tools to wade through complex billing guidelines in a timely manner, increasing productivity within billing departments.
  2. Expertise and Accuracy: Billing processes can be complex, especially in law firms where billing requirements may vary from client to client and case to case. Outsourcing billing to specialised professionals ensures that billing is handled by experts who are well-versed in legal billing practices. This expertise leads to greater accuracy in invoicing, reducing the likelihood of errors or discrepancies that could lead to disputes or delays in payment. This also leads to more standardised output.
  3. Centralisation: Often, billing departments in law firms are segregated either geographically or by practice area, leading to inefficiencies and lack of scalability. Centralising billing can assist by allowing billing to be looked at holistically as a firm rather than piecemeal, leading to a more effective business model for financial processes.
  4. Efficiency and Timeliness: Outsourcing billing allows law firms to streamline their billing processes and improve efficiency. Billing professionals have the necessary tools and systems in place to generate invoices promptly and ensure timely submission to clients. This helps expedite the payment cycle, leading to improved cash flow for the firm.
  5. Cost Savings: While some may initially view outsourcing as an additional expense, it often proves to be a cost-effective solution in the long run. By outsourcing billing, law firms eliminate the need to hire and train in-house billing staff, invest in billing software, and bear the overhead costs associated with maintaining billing infrastructure, lowering both soft and hard operational costs and simplifying a billing budget. Additionally, outsourcing billing allows firms to scale their billing operations up or down as needed without incurring significant fixed costs.
  6. Compliance and Regulation: Legal billing is subject to various regulations and compliance requirements, including those related to client confidentiality, billing transparency, and fee agreements. Outsourcing billing to professionals who are experts in these regulations helps ensure compliance and mitigates the risk of potential legal or ethical issues arising from billing practices.
  7. Focus on Core Competencies: Attorneys and legal staff excel in providing legal counsel and representation, but are not usually trained in managing billing and administrative tasks, and even if they are, legal staff turning their attention to these tasks from an administrative perspective harms the firm’s bottom line by taking time away from client-facing, billable projects. By outsourcing billing, law firms can free up valuable time and resources to concentrate on what they do best, which is serving clients legal needs.
  8. Enhanced Client Satisfaction: Timely and accurate billing contributes to a positive client experience. By outsourcing billing, law firms can ensure that clients receive clear, transparent invoices in a timely manner, enhancing client satisfaction and fostering long-term client relationships.


Legal billing is a challenge that costs US firms millions of dollars every year. It has become such an issue that many US law firms have said this is their main priority to fix by 2025. Centralised teams face challenges due to the varied requirements of different attorneys and clients. The benefits to outsourcing billing not only will help realisation rates but will foster a better relationship with clients and will help alleviate headaches of both lawyers and legal administrators as well.

The contents of this article are intended to convey general information only and not to provide legal advice or opinions.

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